Adjectives

( LEVEL - Beginner - N5 N4 N3 N2 N1 - Advanced )

Fun Facts: Hiragana and Katakana-effects for Adjectives? 


Many adjectives have Kanji as you can see those on the list, but depending on the situation, we choose to use Hiragana or Katakana instead of Kanji, even when we know Kanji for those.

Why? There are some reasons...   

 

Hiragana-effect

First, in case some Kanji are difficult, people use Hiragana to make them easy to read. Also, since Hiragana look softer (cuter) and more casual, they choose to use Hiragana.  (e.g. 嬉しい → うれしい, 鬱陶しい → うっとうしい, 可愛い → かわいい, 綺麗 → きれい, 美味しい →  おいしい)    

 

Katakana-effect

As you know, Katakana is usually used for borrowed words like English, so Katakana expressions seem stylish and eye-catchy. That’s why we choose to use Katakana for adjectives, too. (e.g. 綺麗 → キレイ, 格好良い → カッコイイ, 素敵 → ステキ, 面白い → オモシロイ, やばい → ヤバイ) Such Katakana for adjectives tend to be used by younger generations. 


These Hiragana and Katakana-effects don’t mean you don’t need to remember Kanji...but what I want you to know is people use Hiragana, Katakana or Kanji wisely depending on the situation and purpose. Not just a mistake!  

Fun Activity: Let’s memorize Kanji with illustrations! 

Now let’s try to remember adjective Kanji linked to each illustration.


*Please take note that the following illustrations are based on my inspiration from Kanji shapes. (Often people find it easier to remember Kanji by using mnemonics).

Copyright © 2019 Aki Moritani & Justin Rosewell