Public Holidays

Many people might think that Japanese people are hard workers and some tend to be workaholics. This is somewhat true, however, unexpectedly Japan has more public holidays than you might think!

Japanese people call such public holidays “shuku-jitsu” (shuku-祝: celebration + jitu-日), so they are not just days-off! Each shuku-jitsu is a celebration of something. 

In 2019, Japan had 17 public holidays + 2 people’s holidays* (*days falls between two public holidays are treated as holidays) + 3 substitute holidays (in case holidays fall on Sunday) ! Due to people’s holidays and substitute holidays, they can get a longer holiday week!


Let’s see the list of “shuku-jitu” in 2019.

January 1 - New Year’s Day

January 14 - Coming-of-age Day

February 11 - National Foundation Day

March 21 - Vernal Equinox Day

April 29 - Shōwa Day (Shōwa Emperor’s Birthday)

April 30 - People’s Holiday

May 1 - Coronation Day (of the new Emperor)

May 2 - People’s Holiday

May 3 - Constitution Memorial Day  

May 4 - Greenery Day

May 5 - Children’s Day

May 6 - substitute holiday

July 15 - Marine Day

August 11 - Mountain Day

August 12 - substitute holiday

September 16 - Respect for the Aged Day

September 23 - Autumnal Equinox Day

October 14 - Health-Sports Day

October 22 - The core enthronement ceremony

November 3 - Culture Day

November 4 - substitute holiday

November 23 - Labour Thanksgiving Day

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Copyright © 2019 Aki Moritani & Justin Rosewell